The onset of pregnancy is possible only in the case of completed ovulation (you can calculate ovulation here), provided that the partners do not use any means of contraception. In this article, you will find answers to questions about how to get pregnant quickly and what positions are most favorable for conceiving a baby.
There is a time in a couple’s life when the two decide it’s time to raise their family.
If some women become pregnant on the first try, there are enough for which a desired pregnancy is long overdue.
The totality of the phenomena that take place between fertilization and birth, during which the embryo then the fetus develops in the maternal uterus.
Pregnancy lasts an average of 9 months (273 days from the date of fertilization), grouped into three trimesters.
If the pregnancy time is measured in weeks of amenorrhea (weeks of absence of menstrual flow), then the beginning of pregnancy is fixed on the first day of the last normal menstrual flow, its duration being 41 weeks of amenorrhea. Before 37 weeks of amenorrhea the birth is called premature, after 41 weeks and 3 days, there is talk of an overdue term.
Pregnancy. The stages are followed by the quarter.
One of the first signs is the absence of menstrual discharge on the scheduled date, abnormal emotion and irritability, morning sickness, craving or disgust for certain foods, swelling and tenderness of the breasts, frequent need to urinate, feeling heavy feet, metal taste in the mouth, present in a thermal plateau (morning temperature curve persisting above 37 “C) for more than 16 days.
Trimesters of pregnancy
– At the gynecological examination the uterus is globular and soft, the cervix is purplish and the cervical glare is absent. These signs are accentuated over time and after 8 weeks of amenorrhea the diagnosis of pregnancy can be made, before this term the pregnancy can be confirmed by dosing the chorionic gonadotrophic hormone (hCG) present in the urine and blood plasma of the pregnant woman.
The hormone is detectable since the delay of menstrual flow, its level doubles every 48 hours to reach a maximum in a pregnancy just over 2 months.
Ultrasound allows the ovarian sac to be seen at 5 weeks of amenorrhea and the embryo and pregnancy site at 6 weeks. At 7 weeks, the cardiac activity of the embryo is detected and at 8 weeks, the possible presence of several embryos is confirmed (multiple pregnancy). The best time to date a pregnancy with an ultrasound and to determine its term, to estimate the date of birth and gestational age, is between the 8th and 12th week of amenorrhea. The craniocaudal measurement (from the top of the head to the bottom of the spine) of the embryo then allows to specify the term with an approximation of 3 days. Later, between the 12th and 20th week, the measurement of the skull (biparietal diameter) serves as a benchmark, but with a lower accuracy.
During this trimester, the uterus gradually increases in volume, starting from the second month, it takes four centimeters in height per month. At 3 months, the bottom of the uterus slightly exceeds the pubis.
The woman sometimes has constipation, nervousness, dizziness, sleep disorders (insomnia, bouts of irresistible drowsiness), unusual abdominal sensations, excessive salivation. She may gain weight (1 or 2 kilograms) or lose weight if nausea and vomiting prevent her from eating.
Second Trimester –
The uterus develops, the abdomen swells and the pregnancy becomes visible. The breasts enlarge and become heavy, the skin pigmentation is accentuated (spots on the face and on the inner side of the thighs, a dark line on the abdomen), the skin of the abdomen thins and often stretch marks appear (rupture of skin elastic fibers). The weight increases (by up to 7 kilograms), after the 12th week the nausea attenuates then disappears. Fetal movements are perceived between the 20th and 22nd week of amenorrhea for the first child, between the 18th and 20th week for the next children.
Third Trimester –
The uterus presses on the bottom of the bladder (sneezing, coughing, laughter can cause urinary incontinence), at the top presses the stomach (causing burns) and presses on the diaphragm, (causes a gasp). The mammary glands secrete colostrum, a total increase from the beginning of pregnancy of 9 -13 kg is reached, the abdomen stretches and the pelvic joints become painful.
During the 8th month, the fetus sits normally upside down, and during the 9th month, the fetus’ head engages in the small pelvis, making it easier to press on the diaphragm. Painless intermittent uterine contractions occur.
The term of birth is announced by the appearance of increasingly strong and regular uterine contractions, which mark the beginning of labor, the first phase of birth.
The diet of a pregnant woman should be balanced with extra iron and folic acid if necessary. Consumption of raw milk and raw milk products should be stopped, meat should be eaten boiled, vegetables and fruits should be washed to avoid toxoplasmosis or listeriosis. The amount of food should be monitored so that the weight does not exceed 12-13 kilograms (ideally 9-10kg).
Physical activity is recommended, excluding sports with traumatic risk and those that require intense effort. Prenatal gymnastics is recommended during birth preparation, as well as aquatic gymnastics sessions.
First Prenatal Examination –
The complete clinical examination includes a cardiovascular and pulmonary examination, a breast examination and a gynecological examination (uterus, ovaries), as well as a screening smear if the previous smear is more than one-year-old.
Complementary examinations: determination of parents’ blood groups, detection of rubella, syphilis, toxoplasmosis (sickle cell disease – for Africans and thalassemia – for Asian or Middle Eastern women), research on HIV zero positivity.
Research into proteinuria to detect kidney disease and glycosuria to detect diabetes is done monthly. The blood count is mandatory in the 6th month of pregnancy. These examinations allow to discover the risky tasks that involve a specialized consultation (selvage of the neck if it is open, a genetic research when the family has a hereditary disease, and to propose an amniocentesis to detect a chromosomal abnormality when the woman is passed for 38 years).
Periodic Consultations –
They are done from month to month when the pregnancy is normal. Uterine height measurements are noted on a curve, the development and vitality of the fetus are monitored. The fetal heart rate, perceived initially on ultrasound, then on auscultation, is normally regular (120 to 160 beats per minute). The woman’s body weight is noted, and blood pressure is measured (normal should not exceed 13/8). Vaginal touch is explored in the cervix.
Some blood tests are repeated regularly if the serology was negative at the first test: every month for toxoplasmosis, every month up to three months of pregnancy exceeded for rubella. When the woman is Rhesus negative, the child risks being Rhesus positive, and the severity of the consequences of Rhesus incompatibility necessitates monthly research on the presence of agglutinins. Hepatitis B markers are detected at 7 months of pregnancy. The ultrasound performed between 20 and 22 weeks of amenorrhea allows the search for morphological abnormalities of the fetus and the study of its growth. The last ultrasound, performed at 33 weeks, checks the position of the fetus, its growth, its morphology, the abundance of amniotic fluid, as well as the location of the placenta.
Last Prenatal Examination –
The 9th month consultation, normally the last before birth, allows you to check the vitality of the fetus, the type of presentation (with the head, sitting, etc.). The mother is given advice to make her know how to leave for maternity in time, a short consultation is scheduled in the 41st week of amenorrhea for a recording of fetal heart sounds and for an amnioscopy if, at that time, the birth has already taken place.
– Any event that occurs during pregnancy and poses a risk to the mother and / or child is considered pathological. In fact, a pregnancy is called “at risk” when it occurs in a woman affected by a pre-existing disease that pregnancy can aggravate, which can complicate the birth or can affect the health of the fetus.
Among the diseases that can worsen are diabetes, disseminated lupus erythematosus, some cancers, heart disease, lung (asthma), endocrine (hyperthyroidism, hypothyroidism), neurological (epilepsy, multiple sclerosis). Other risk factors: obesity, high alcohol consumption, drug addiction, smoking and woman’s age (less than 17 years, more than 38 years).
A multiple pregnancy is also considered risky because it can lead to a premature birth.
First Quarter –
In the first trimester there is a risk of false birth, ectopic pregnancy and complication of pregnancy with uncontrollable vomiting. Threats of false birth are presented by pelvic pain and vaginal bleeding. If the ultrasound does not show irreversible damage to the egg (stopping development, detachment, transparent egg), a hormonal treatment with progesterone, associated with rest, sometimes allows the pregnancy to continue. At the beginning of pregnancy, the ectopic pregnancy, in which the egg is implanted outside the uterus, has a real severity with its risk of tubal rupture; the treatment is most often surgical and consists of ablation of the damaged egg and sometimes the fallopian tube. Uncontrollable vomiting caused by hormonal changes may mark this first trimester. Rest, an antiemetic treatment (against vomiting), fasting – followed by careful reintroduction of food – are often effective. During this trimester rubella or toxoplasmosis (slightly affects the mother’s health) they can be very serious for the fetus.
Second Trimester –
– In the second trimester there is a risk of premature birth (a risk that extends into the third trimester) and is characterized by painless uterine contractions that gradually change the cervix. The best method of treating the threat of premature birth is rest accompanied (if necessary) by treatments that reduce or stop uterine contractions.
Third Trimester –
During the third trimester, various maternal diseases can complicate a pregnancy: anemia, pregnancy toxemia, urinary and kidney infections. Causes related to the fetus may also occur: an excess of development or a delay in intrauterine growth, an excess / insufficiency of amniotic fluid, abnormal placental insertions.
The fetus is very sensitive to the drugs absorbed by his mother, the administration of a drug is done with the advice of a specialist.
The main drugs for the fetus are retard sulfamides, amino acids, digitalis, some anticoagulants, aspirin during the third trimester of pregnancy. Opiates and neuroleptics act on the nerve centers of the fetus and are toxic especially during birth due to difficulty breathing and excessive drowsiness.
The main (teratogenic) drugs that produce, in the embryonic stage, congenital malformations are anticancer, oral antidiabetics, some antiepileptics, lithium, synthetic sex hormones, live attenuated vaccines (measles, mumps, rubella, yellow fever and polio vaccine) .
Drug use leads to a risk of premature birth, insufficient fetal weight, birth defects and mental and physical retardation. Alcohol consumption involves the risk of miscarriage, the baby may have facial or heart defects, a growth retardation, sometimes a mental retardation. High tobacco consumption is responsible for a baby’s low birth weight, decreased resistance to infections, susceptibility to respiratory infections and diseases.
How to get Pregnant fast
A woman’s fertility, as well as a couple’s biological compatibility, plays an important role in conception – someone manages to get pregnant on the first try, while others need more than one cycle to see the two precious bands in the test. Why it is impossible to get pregnant, even if there is no gynecological pathology and what to do in such a situation, we will consider step by step.
- Frequent sex – When they decide to have a child, a married couple starts having sex every day and sometimes several times. Such a fanatical approach leads to the opposite effect: there are few active sperm cells in a man’s semen, because they do not have time to be produced, germ cells are inactive, respectively the chance of conception is suddenly reduced. For the desired pregnancy to come, you simply have to relax and not think about whether fertilization has taken place – enjoy each other and get real pleasure from the intimate caresses.
- Stress – the absence of two stripes in the test itself worries a woman, especially if the pregnancy does not occur in several cycles. In this situation, you should not simply get stuck, if the spouses are healthy and have an active lifestyle, then the conception will surely come. To prevent stress, it is best to get enough sleep for at least 9 hours a day, give up coffee and other stimulants of the nervous system, take vitamins and folic acid.
- Adequate nutrition – at the stage of pregnancy planning, a woman should limit her diet to fatty meat, animal fats and fast carbohydrates. The diet should be balanced with a high content of green vegetables, herbs, fruits, berries and nuts – these foods contain a huge amount of vitamin E, folic acid and micronutrients conducive to fertility. To improve sperm quality, a man is also advised to monitor his diet, including fatty fish, olive oil, nuts and pumpkin seeds in the diet.
How to get pregnant if it doesn’t work? When husbands are absolutely healthy, avoid stress and eat well, but conception does not yet take place, a woman’s ovulation should be monitored. To do this, during several menstrual cycles, it is recommended to measure the basal temperature in the anus, always in the morning, without getting out of bed. With a normal menstrual cycle in a woman in the first phase, the temperature in the rectum will be equal to body temperature (36.2–36.7 degrees). The day before ovulation and when the egg is released into the fallopian tube, the temperature of the year rises to 37.0-37.1 degrees – these are the most favorable days for active sex, which increases the chances of fertilization.
Ovulation tests are currently being marketed to track this important process.
However, the most informative diagnostic method is an ultrasound study of ovulation, which allows you to study in detail the condition of the reproductive organs.
How often do you have to have sex to get pregnant?
If a couple refrains from having sex 3-4 days before the expected ovulation and then has sex every day, this will significantly increase the chances of pregnancy. Long-term abstinence is also harmful (more than 5 days) because it negatively affects sperm quality. With a normal menstrual cycle lasting 28-30 days for a woman, the most favorable days for intimate relationships are days 12 to 20.
Favorable positions for conceiving a child
When ejaculating, sperm in huge quantities enter the vagina, from where they rush into the uterus and further into the fallopian tubes, where fertilization takes place. It is quite natural for some of the semen to flow from the vagina, but this does not interfere with conception in most cases.
There is a widespread opinion that with various abnormalities in the structure of the internal genitals (bending of the uterus and others) and inactivity of sperm in a man, you need to have sex in certain positions to increase the chances of conception. This theory has no concrete evidence, however, nor will it hurt.
The recommended positions look like this:
- in the position of a woman on the stomach – such a posture is favorable to conception when the uterus is bent and the organ deviates posteriorly;
- in the position of a woman on the side with her knees pressed against her stomach – in this position, the penis is closest to the cervix – consequently, the semen at the time of ejaculation enters the cervical canal;
- in the missionary position – man above, woman lying on his back.
With a strong desire to have a baby, women are looking for popular ways to get pregnant quickly. Of course, their effectiveness has not been proven, but many representatives of the fair sex claim that these recipes really helped to conceive from the first attempts. Below are the most common:
- ficus flower – it is popularly believed that by planting a ficus at home, a woman attracts a child to her family, and the pregnancy will come faster;
- frogs – figurines, soft toys, sewn with their own hands, representing a frog, attract “a stork that brings a child into the family”;
- use of uterine borax or unilateral ortylium in the form of alcohol tincture – this plant contains a large number of various components, including plant estrogen and progesterone, which have a direct effect on the process of maturation of eggs and increase the chances of conception.
The main advice for the early onset of the desired pregnancy in healthy spouses is still complete relaxation and giving up the situation – for a few months just love yourself, without fanatically calculating the “dangerous” days. At the same time, lead a healthy lifestyle, be less nervous, get enough sleep, be more outdoors and soon the pregnancy test will delight you with two lanes.
How to get pregnant: the most effective methods + what to do if you can’t
Greetings, dear friends! I propose to consider an important topic for many married couples, namely, how to get pregnant, to conceive a long-awaited child. Unfortunately, 30% of young people seek help from doctors to find out why they cannot conceive a child. In this article, I will tell you more about the causes of infertility, in what position is better to have sex to get pregnant, it is possible to conceive during menstruation, how to get pregnant with twins?
The best age to have your first child is between 22 and 32 years old. After the age of 33, a woman has a 4% decrease in fertility, so the chances of getting pregnant and having a healthy baby are low. A woman can safely support and give birth to a child only if she maintains the correct lifestyle and with the advice of a qualified doctor.
Reasons for infertility
Infertility in married couples occurs in 10-15% of cases. Doctors identify a number of reasons why it is not possible to conceive:
- obstruction of the fallopian tubes due to individual anatomical features or inflammation;
- menstrual irregularities;
- lack of ovulation;
- low sperm count and poor sperm quality;
- spermatogenesis disorders;
- unfavorable environmental factors;
- chronic diseases of the reproductive system;
- hereditary factors;
- neurological diseases;
- genetic, chromosomal disorders.
If the conception does not occur due to the infertility of the husband or the woman is not married, but wants to have children, she can solve this problem without a man by contacting a sperm bank, where the donor’s material will be selected for her.